1. It's not unusual for type 2s to need insulin.You may need to add insulin to your regimen to adequately control your blood glucose. It doesn't mean that you've "failed" at managing your condition.

2. Monitoring works. Ask your health care team how often you should check your blood glucose. If you have type 2, your recommended monitoring frequency will vary depending upon your overall level of control and the medications you take to treat your diabetes.

3. Even in the digital age, written records help.You may have a meter that stores data electronically, but it's still a good idea to write down your results, along with date and time, and other variables as well, like food, exercise, alcohol, and stress. You can then share this important information with your health care providers.

4. Symptoms vary. Hypoglycaemia is usually characterised by sweating and shaking, a pounding heart, nervousness or irritability, or feeling weak, hungry, tingly, or confused. If you no longer have these warning signs, you are said to have hypoglycaemia unawareness, which increases the risk of severe hypoglycaemia. If you think you may have hypoglycaemia unawareness, talk to your doctor about how to address this. Hyperglycaemia, on the other hand, can cause headache, blurry vision, thirst, frequent urination, and dry skin. When in doubt, check your glucose level.

5. Family, co-workers and friends could be your lifesaver.If your blood glucose is too low, you will need help from others around you. So you have to tell family, friends, and co-workers how to recognise a low and help you treat it. Talk to your doctor about whether you need to keep a glucagon kit on hand, and if so, make sure the people around you know how to.

ri-dot